It is good practice to physically examine patients while being undressed. Here, we illustrate that observation of clothes in dressed patients can occasionally also yield valuable information.
A 59-year-old man with Parkinson’s reported a subjective tremor. Yet, neurological examination showed no tremor while observing the bare extremities (video section A; showing no discernible tremor in the bare feet).
However, while wearing shoes, a subtle tremor was revealed by rhythmic oscillations of the left shoelace (video section B), which presumably acted as a lever, much like the mechanisms used for earthquake detection.
Power spectrum analysis of the video showed no discernible tremor in the bare feet, but examination of the oscillations of the left shoelace revealed a distinct tremor (peak frequency of 3.45 Hz) compatible with Parkinson’s disease (video section C).
This underscores that observing patients while still dressed may occasionally be needed to bring out the full repertoire of key physical signs.
Caption: Screenshots of accompanying video: top left = video section A; top right = video section B; bottom center = video section C
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
BRB, RH, and BvdW report no disclosures.
BB and TT: collecting video data and drafting the manuscript.
RH: expert opinion and revising the manuscript.
BvdW: arranging tremor quantification and revising the manuscript.
We thank Radim Krupička and Evžen Růžička for analysis of the tremor.
The Shaking Shoelace, by Bastiaan R. Bloem, Rick C. Helmich, Tiane Tilanus, and Bart P. van de Warrenburg, J Parkinsons Dis, 9:1, 249–250, 2019 (DOI 10.3233/JPD-181541).